Minimum Reasonable Inventory and the Bullwhip Effect in an Automotive Enterprise; A *Foresight Vehicle* Demonstrator


Demand amplification, or the bullwhip effect, has been identified as contributing to increased uncertainty in the supply chain and hence poor performance in terms of increased costs, protracted lead-times and poor customer service levels. This paper shows the application of a simulation based improvement activity focussing on the ordering decisions within a supply chain. An example of a preliminary business diagnostic and subsequent redesign in a four-tier automotive supply chain is presented including value-volume analysis, variability-volume analysis, part clustering and service level - stocking profiles. Specific improvements of up to 5 to 1 in stock holding are realized for continued customer service levels.

SAE Technical Paper, 3, 196-203